Fall and winter also return the most common seasonal illnesses, such as flu, colds, sore throats and coughs, which although considered routine disorders, affect the affected people, limiting their normal daily activity to begin with. from work. Therefore it is important to “play in advance” by adopting a series of measures to strengthen the immune system and counteract the onset of annoying winter ailments.
The cold and the much feared flu are very contagious infectious diseases, because it easily transmitted through droplets of mucus and saliva, even just talking close to another person or indirectly through contact with hands contaminated with respiratory secretions. Influenza and cold occur especially during the colder season, when the influenza peak reaches its peak, and for the reasons we have just explained, it is really difficult to remain immune, unless you take the necessary precautions. In fact, there are many measures, ranging from the type of clothing to a specific diet, which can counter the effects of a strong cold or flu syndrome, minimizing the risk of getting sick. let’s see what are the most effective.
How to dress to not get sick: clothing to avoid thermal changes
Avoiding sudden changes in temperature is one of the most effective prevention methods for not getting sick. It is precisely the temperature changes, more than the cold itself, the main culprits of the classic seasonal ailments like colds, sore throats or flu.
This is why the difference in temperature between the exterior and the interior must never be too unbalanced, so it is important to choose clothing that is appropriate to the climate : it is not good to cover a little, but it is not good to cover too much. In this regard, the advice to dress in layers is still valid, so you can undress or coat depending on the ambient temperature. It is also a good habit to choose natural and breathable fabrics and fibers for clothes placed in direct contact with the skin, and always keep the throat protected even with a simple scarf or a scarf.
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Nutrition: What to eat to strengthen the immune system
When winter knocks at the doors bringing with it its burden of seasonal illness, it is essential to support the immune system with a healthy and correct diet, rich in vitamins and minerals. So, what to eat to contribute to the healthy functioning of the immune system ? First of all, at the table you should never miss five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables a day, in season and possibly organic. Fresh green vegetables such as spinach, rocket, chicory, and yellow-orange vegetables such as pumpkin and carrots. Whole grains, legumes, oil seeds, fresh yeast and wheat sprouts, which ensure a correct supply of mineral salts such as iron, zinc and selenium, are also excellent.B vitamins, except vitamin B12 found in fish, egg, cheese and bee pollen. It is also widely used citrus, kiwi, guava, strawberries, cabbage and pineapple, all rich in vitamin C that contributes to the healthy functioning of the immune system, while those who want to fill up with vitamin D, which instead contributes to the maintenance of normal function muscle, must look to fatty fish (such as salmon, tuna and mackerel), beef liver, cod liver oil and egg yolks.
Airing indoors: at home and … in the office!
With the first cold, the doors and windows of offices and homes are starting to remain closed to heat the rooms (and their occupants). Just so, but at the same time, to prevent the risk of infection with family members and colleagues already struggling with cold or flu viruses, it is necessary to ventilate the rooms several times a day because viral diseases are mainly transmitted by respiratory tract and just a few sneezes or a simple conversation to saturate the environment. In cases like this, if the day is particularly cold or cool, it is better to keep an extra sweater or jacket to cover yourself while changing the air.
Beware of crowded places and public transport: Wash your hands often
During the winter, and especially when the influenza peak arrives (usually from mid-December to early February), crowded places such as banks, post offices and supermarkets and public transport such as buses, trams and underground trains become the major vehicle for viruses and bacteria. Since these are places that, for business or other reasons, are attended by the vast majority of people, the only effective way to avoid contagion is to wash your hands often with soap and water (or, alternatively, with cleaning solutions to alcohol base). There is no “minimum” number of times: you have to do it as soon as you can, especially after having visited places and means of transport open to the public. Although the gesture of the hand washing is undervalued, however, represents the first choice preventive intervention, and is a practice recognized by the World Health Organization among the most effective for the control of the spread of viral infections.