From proper sunlight to UV rays, here’s the guide of the American Academy of Ophthalmology for a perfect view …
Although we often do not realize it, between UV rays, pollen and pollution, our eyes are subjected to constant stress. Not taking care of them can have consequences for the sight, sometimes even serious.
That is why the American Academy of Ophthalmology has put in place ten tips to safeguard the health of our eyes, starting with, first of all, a proper lifestyle.
Sunglasses against UV Rays
Using a pair of sunglasses can delay the onset of cataracts, a sight pathology that is characterized by pacification of the crystalline. The UV rays that directly affect the eye can, in fact, accelerate the development of this disease. In addition, sunglasses, capable of shielding 100% of UVA and UVB rays, can also protect the retina and skin around the eyes: exposure to UV rays, as well as accelerating skin aging, is a factor in risk for skin cancer.
Among the many adverse effects that smoke has on our body, there is also age related macular degeneration. Those who smokes or smokes are more at risk of developing this disease, along with cataracts.
A good power
The American Academy of Ophthalmology emphasized the beneficial effects of carrots. But even vegetables can look good for the high content of vitamins and minerals. Due to a vitamin deficiency, in fact, the retina may lose its functionality. High levels of vitamin C and E, zinc, carotenoids (lutein and zaxantine), but also Omega-3 protect the eyes from the risk of developing macular degeneration associated with age.
Periodic oculist visits
American scientific society advises an adult who has no pathologies or vision or risk factors to go anyway from the 40-year-old oculist, the age at which the first signs of illness or visual disorder may appear. After this first inspection visit the specialist will evaluate the periodicity of further checks.
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How to protect the eyes
The eyes, experts suggest, should always be protected when doing sports, when working, even when cleaning the home. They are a very delicate component of our body, sensitive to minimal contact or external agent. That is why it is necessary to use specific protective goggles.
Keep under checking hereditary
Many diseases that affect the eyes have a hereditary or genetic basis. These include cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. That is why knowing about these cases in the family can be an incentive to undergo frequent specific controls.
Diagnosis and previous treatment
A timely diagnosis and early treatment can ensure greater chance of success in the treatment of diseases like glaucoma or macular degeneration. To lose them, however, is supported by American experts, can lead to the inability to retrieve lost or compromised views.
Optic or Oculator?
Depending on the problem that comes from our eyes, you must contact the right specialist to have the best therapy. That is why first of all you need to know your problem in depth, through a thorough and accurate visit. Based on this, then see if it is best to turn to an optician or an ophthalmologist.
Attention to contact lenses
For those who use contact lenses it is important to make sure they are well cleaned. Using them in an inadequate way can, in fact, cause corneal ulcers, loss of vision and pain. Experts advise you to clean the containers every day with a toothbrush, sanitize it with a hand disinfecting soap and dry it, then brush your lenses and place them in a container filled with a new dose of saline solution.
For those who cannot do without smartphones and PCs it’s important to remember a basic rule not to overlook the sight too. Every twenty minutes you have to look away from the PC and for another twenty seconds look at another object that is at least 6 feet from us. In addition, keep the screens at the right distance (at eye level), keep the screen clean and light up the environment in which you work.