What to know about youth acne?

It is an inflammatory skin disease that affects young people around the age of 18 due to a high production of hormones.

The acne is an inflammatory skin disease, caused by the excessive production of sebum by the sebaceous glands. The inflammatory process can cause symptoms, such as comedones, known as blackheads, or small pustules that can trigger an infectious process. Inflammation does not affect everyone the same way but depends on the genetic predisposition and, therefore, the type of skin and the type of reactivity of the sebaceous gland.

What is acne?

Acne is a multifactorial inflammatory disease that generally occurs during puberty and up to 18 to 20 years but may persist in adulthood, generally in cases where the skin continues to have comedones and is hyper-seborrhea even in adulthood. Having a sebaceous gland productive more than another can lead to a 40-year event, especially in women.

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What are the symptoms?

Acne affects mainly body parts such as the face but also the back, chest and shoulders. The inflammation of the skin is mainly due to excessive sebum secretion that induces the formation of comedons, that is, very obvious black spots. The latter often break up, creating the preconditions for an infection and, in particular, causing psychological pain and discomfort. Comedone is a cyst consisting of sebum and keratin, which is generated due to obstruction of the follicular canal. Over time, the course of the comedons may be different: resolve naturally or, more frequently, involve inflammatory phenomena that determine the evolution of the comedone in papulo-pustular, nodular, cystic or fleuronic lesions.

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What are the causes?

Acne can depend on hormone, genetic and iatrogenic factors (e.g. drugs and antibiotics), which are often associated with environmental, psychological, dietary, and cosmetological factors. Hormone-causing inflammation is the high production of androgens that trigger hyper-androgenism, also due to an altered metabolism of sugars (insulin resistance), polycystic ovary syndrome, or an incorrect diet. In this case, it is a diet with a high intake of hormones contained in foods, such as milk.

Among the triggering factors is also smoking, because it can contribute to hypersensitivity and inflammatory manifestations.

Therapy to care acne

At first acne manifestations, it is advisable to consult a specialist. Depending on gravity, recalling that acne is not an infectious but inflammatory disease, antibiotic therapy is given for their anti-inflammatory component. If treatment is initiated early, adolescents may use only anti-inflammatory therapy, associated with appropriate diet and correct skin cleansing.